Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 22 -JANUARY - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 22 -JANUARY - 2016
Friday, 22 January 2016 06:15

 

 

DAILY NEWS UPDATES

22 - JANUARY - 2016

 

PRESIDENT INAUGURATED 88TH ANNUAL CONFERENCE OF NIKHIL BHARAT BANGA SAHITYA SAMMELAN

The President Pranab Mukherjee inaugurated the three day long 88th annual conference ofNikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan in Ranchi, Jharkhand.

In this conference, delegates from all over the country attend to hold thematic discussions, meet Bengali authors, novelists, and poets, attend literary sessions, exchange thoughts with scholars of the other languages.

All participants of the conference would also be encouraged to contribute towards Indian literature continously.

About Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan

• Nikhil Bharat Banga Sahitya Sammelan is an annual convention of Bengali literary personages of India.

• Under the great Bengali literary personalities like Atul Prasad Sen, Kazi Nazrul Islam and others, the Sammelan prospered to have branches every major city and town of India.

•It serves Bengali literature and Bengali culture in almost all the states of India. The central office of the organization is located at New Delhi.

• It was initially known as Prabasi Banga-Sahitya Sammelan and was held annually.

• The first annual conference was held in Benares in 1922 and presided over by Kobiguru Rabindranath Thakur. And in 1923 its Varanasi session was patronized by Rabindra Nath Tagore.

• Between 1922 and 1980 the conference travelled all over India, from major cities like Delhi, Calcutta, Bombay, Madras, Lucknow, and Hyderabad, to small cities like Srinagar and Guwahati.

• After Independence, in 1953 the coinage 'Prabasi' was dropped and 'Nikhil Bharat' (All India) was adopted in the context of the free nation.

• The organization publishes a regular Bengali journal called 'Sammelani' and various other books related to Bengali literature and culture.

MILOS RAONIC WON 2016 BRISBANE INTERNATIONAL TENNIS MEN’S SINGLES TROPHY

Milos Raonic of Canada won the 2016 Brisbane International Tennis men’s singles trophy.

To win the title, the 14th world ranking player defeated Roger Federer of Switzerland 6-4 6-4 in the final match held at Brisbane in Australia. At present, Roger Federer is at the third position in the world singles ranking.

For Raonic, it was the 8th World ATP tour title in his career and the first title in the 2016 season.

Winners in other categories

• Women’s Singles: Victoria Azarenka (Belarus)

• Men’s Doubles: Henri Kontinen (Finland) & John Peers (Australia)

• Women’s Doubles: Sania Mirza (India) & Martina Hingis (Switzerland)

BALKRISHNA GARG CONFERRED WITH 2015 HARIKRISHNA DEVSARE BAALSAHITYA AWARD

Veteran hindi poet Balkrishna Garg was conferred with the 2015 Harikrishna Devsare Baalsahitya Award in New Delhi. He received the award for his Baa Geet, which is a collection of poems for children.

The award was presented by Sahitya Akademi President Vishwanath Prasad Tiwari and National Book Trust (NBT) Chairman Baldeo Bhai Sharma.

It was the second award to be conferred since its inception in 2014 and consists of a cash prize of 75000 rupees, a shawl and a citation.

The award was instituted in the memory of Harikrishna Devsare, a renowned Hindi writer known for his work in the field of children’s literature, who passed away in 2013.

RINL INKED MOU WITH ANDHRA PRADESH GOVERNMENT FOR INVESTMENT OF 38500 CRORE RUPEES

Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL), the corporate entity of Visakhapatnam Steel Plant, signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Andhra Pradesh government.

The MoU envisages investment of around 38500 crore rupees to take up various projects at Visakhapatnam.

The deal was signed during the 22nd CII Partnership Summit & 1st Sunrise AP Investment Meet, which is being held in Visakhapatnam.

Key highlight of the MoU

The investments by RINL will include expansion capacity of Vizag Steel to 7.3 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) with a modernisation that may cost approximately 3600 crore rupees.

At an investment of 3400 crore rupees, construction of Coke Oven Battery and other projects are also expected to be modernised.

The overall investment figure of 38500 crore rupees also includes further total expansion capacity of RINL to around 11.5 MTPA to 12 MTPA.

The company will also spend 6100 crore rupees on a slurry pipeline and pellet plant in a joint venture with NMDC & others.

About Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited (RINL)

Rashtriya Ispat Nigam Limited, also known as Vizag Steel, is an Indian government-owned steel producer.

The company is based in Visakhapatnam.

It has been awarded the Navaratna status, with accompanying autonomy of operations, due to its strong financial performance.

The plans for a steel plant in Visakhapatnam were announced in 1971 by then Prime Minister of India, Indira Gandhi.

Originally, intended as a plant of the state-owned Steel Authority of India Limited, RINL was established as a separate company in 1982.

It has been constructed with collaboration with former USSR and Germany.

It is amongst the most advanced Steel plants in India and one of largest integrated steel plants in the world.

LIONEL MESSI WON BALLON D'OR AWARD 2015

Barcelona forward Lionel Messi won the Ballon d'Or trophy for the world’s best football player for the fifth time overall. In the 2014-15 season, Messi had played 61 games in which he scored 52 goals, and gave 26 assists.

In the award ceremony in Zurich, the 28-year-old Argentine claimed the award with 41.33 percent votes.

Real Madrid's Cristiano Ronaldo was second with 27.76 percent votes, while his Barcelona team-mate Neymar stood at the third position with 7.86 percent votes.

Ronaldo had won the award in 2015 for the third time, while Messi was the winner from 2009 to 2012.

On the other hand, US midfielder Carli Lloyd, who scored a hat-trick in the World Cup final against Japan, claimed the Women's player of the year award.

2015 winners

• FIFA Ballon d'Or: Lionel Messi

• FIFA Women's World Player of the Year: Carli Lloyd

• FIFA Puskas Award: Wendell Lira

• FIFA World Coach of the Year (Men's): Luis Enrique

• FIFA World Coach of the Year (Women's): Jill Ellis

• FIFA FIFPro World XI: Neuer, Silva, Marcelo, Ramos, Alves, Iniesta, Modric, Pogba, Messi, Neymar, Ronaldo

• FIFA Fair Play Award: All football organisations supporting refugees

FIFA Ballon d'Or Award

• The FIFA Ballon d'Or award is an annual association football award given by FIFA to the male player who has performed the best in the previous calendar year.

• It is awarded based on the votes from national team coaches and captains, as well as journalists from around the world.

• The award began in 2010 after France Football's Ballon d'Or and the men's FIFA World Player of the Year award were merged.

• The winner of the 2010 FIFA Ballon d'Or was Lionel Messi who also won the title for the years 2011, 2012 and 2015.

• Messi was the last footballer to win the Ballon d'Or award in 2009 after which the award was merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year awards to create the FIFA Ballon d'Or

KULLU’S NATI FOLK DANCE ENTERED GUINNESS BOOK OF WORLD RECORDS

The Nati folk dance of Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh was listed in the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest folk dance in the world.

Nati entered in the book as the largest folk dance in terms of participants’ number. Total 9892 women participated in this folk dance in their traditional colourful Kulluvi on 26 October 2015 during International Dussehra festival.

The event, phrased as Pride of Kullu, was dedicated to girl child, was recorded in several cameras.

Kullu Dussehra is a centuries-old festival and celebrations begin on Vijaya Dashami, the day when the festivities end in rest of the country.

The folk dance entered the Limca Book of Records in 2014 after about 8760 artists performed it at the Kullu Dussehra festivities.

CIRB BECAME INDIA'S SECOND CENTRE TO PRODUCE A CLONED BUFFALO

Scientists at Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes (CIRB) in Hisar claimed to have successfully produced a cloned buffalo offspring Cirb Gaurav.

CIRB Director Dr. Inderjeet Singh stated that the scientists achieved the success on 11 December 2015.

The scientists achieved the feat under the project titled, Cloning for conservation and multiplication of superior buffalo germplasm.

With this achievement, CIRB became world’s third and India’s second institute to produce cloned buffalo.

About cloned buffalo calf Cirb Gaurav

This cloned buffalo calf is distinct from the earlier clones produced in India.

The clone is produced from cells of ventral side of tail of superior bull buffalo. The ventral side of tail is least exposed to sunlight and may have less mutation rate and can be good choice for isolation of donor cells to produce healthy clones.

The newborn cloned calf is maintaining good health and showing normal activities.

National Dairy Research Institute in Karnal was the first institute to produce a cloned calf in India.

DEVENDER KUMAR SIKRI TOOK OATH AS THE CHAIRMAN OF COMPETITION COMMISSION OF INDIA

Devender Kumar Sikri, sworn in as the Chairman of Competition Commission of India (CCI). His oath to the office was administered by Union Finance Minister Aurn Jaitley.

Devender Kumar Sikri succeeded Ashok Chawla, who demitted office on 7 January 2016. He will have tenure of about two and half years, that is, till he attains the age of 65 years.

About Devender Kumar Sikri

• He is a 1975 batch former Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer of Gujarat cadre.

• He has served in various important positions in the Union Government as well as in the State Government of Gujarat.

• As Secretary of Department of Justice in the Union Government, he was instrumental in preparing and furthering the agenda of judicial reforms including the changes in the existing procedure for appointment of Judges for greater transparency.

• As Secretary of Ministry of WCD (Women and Child Development), he was principal architect of the legislation on Protection of Children against Sexual Offences Act (POCSO), 2013, preparation of the Bill on Protection of Women against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill 2010 and restructuring of Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Scheme.

• In the Union Government, he also held the positions as Registrar General and Census Commissioner of India and Joint Secretary, Department of Fertilizers.

About Competition Commission of India (CCI)

• It was established by the Union Government with effect from 14 October 2003 and consists of a Chairperson and 6 Members appointed by the Union Government.

• CCI’s duty is to eliminate practices having adverse effect on competition, promote and sustain competition, protect the interests of consumers and ensure freedom of trade in the markets of India.

• It is also required to give opinion on competition issues on a reference received from a statutory authority established under any law and to undertake competition advocacy, create public awareness and impart training on competition issues.

• It draws its power from the Competition Act, 2002, as amended by the Competition (Amendment) Act, 2007 which prohibits anti-competitive agreements, abuse of dominant position by enterprises and regulates combinations which would result in adverse effect on competition within India.

TELANGANA BECAME FIRST STATE TO MAKE GENDER EDUCATION COMPULSORY AT GRADUATE LEVEL

Telangana became the first State in India to introduce compulsory gender education at the graduate level.

In this regard, the state in second week of January 2016 introduced a bilingual textbook titled, Towards a World of Equals.

The book was introduced on a pilot basis in engineering colleges affiliated to the Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University (JNTU-Hyderabad).

About the book

The book discusses gender in its composite form without limiting itself to crime against women.

The book attempts to cover information on unacknowledged women writers of Telangana to problems of sex selection and women’s work in politics and economics.

It also touches upon complex subjects like female-centric history and male-female relationships.

The book is structured in simple language and form to suit under-graduates.

The book discusses different strands of women’s movements across the world, introducing students to political movements of Afro-American, Caribbean, African, Dalit and minority women.

The book is coupled with a collection of visual teaching tools which include documentary films.

The book is being taught over 14 weeks in a semester at the rate of two classes per week.

ASHISH SARAF APPOINTED AS AIRBUS GROUP’S VICE PRESIDENT

Airbus Group announced the appointment of Ashish Saraf as Vice-President - Industry Development, Strategic Partnerships and Offsets.

Saraf will look over the Group's existing Make in India initiatives and conceive new ones for all the businesses of Airbus Group India with the aim to increase their industrial footprint in the country.

The move comes close on the heels of Airbus Group uniting its Divisions in India under a single company.

Who is Ashish Saraf?

Ashish Saraf holds an extensive experience in offsets, industrial relations, greenfield start-up development and strategic partnerships.

Prior to joining Airbus Group, he was the India head of the Tata Sikorsky joint venture since 2010. He led Sikorsky's industrialisation and strategic partnerships in India.

He started his career with Dassault Systems and Deloitte Consulting.

He is an alumnus of the Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (SIBM), Pune and the National Institute of Technology (NIT), Nagpur.

RENE HOLTEN POULSEN NAMED DENMARK'S SPORTSPERSON OF 2015

Danish kayaker Rene Holten Poulsen was named the Denmark’s sportsperson of the year 2015.

The Sports Confederation of Denmark and Danish Jyllands-Posten newspaper voted to award Poulsen the prize, which is known as Sports Name of the Year and is among the country's top sports prizes.

About Rene Holten Poulsen

Rene Holten Poulsen is a professional kayaker and medallist at the Olympics, World Championships and European Championships.

He won a silver medal in the men's K-2 1000 metres at the 2008 Summer Olympics.

He had won a total of six medals in international championships in 2015, including two World Cup medals, three European Championship medals and one European Games bronze medal.

For his 2015 achievements, Poulsen has also been nominated for the World Paddler Awards 2015.

14TH PRAVASI BHARATIYA DIWAS HELD IN NEW DELHI

The 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas (PBD) was held in New Delhi. The event was inaugurated by the External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj and attended by Priti Patel, MoS for Employment, United Kingdom.

Apart from the main event in New Delhi, the day was celebrated by the MEA, across the world, through its missions/posts abroad.

On this occasion, Sushma Swaraj announced that the government is considering Aadhaar cards to non-resident Indians (NRIs) and allowing women workers to Gulf countries only through the government agencies to ensure they were not duped by recruiting agents or firms.

The 14th Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas was unique for two reasons-

1) It was the first limited edition of the PBD. The government, in 2015, took a decision to limit the PBD conference as a biannual event and extend the PBD across the world and throughout the year. In effect, the next PBD conference will be held in 2017.

2) It was organised for the first time by the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) after the government’s decision to merge Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs (MOIA) with it. Earlier it used to celebrated by the MOIA.

About Pravasi Bharatiya Diwas

• It is being held annually since 2003 to bring the Indian Diaspora on a single platform and leverage their resources in nation building activities.

• The day is held annually on 9 January 2015 to mark the return of Mahatma Gandhi from South Africa to India.

• Apart from the PBD, regional PBDs were also held across the world. The most recent, 9th RPBD was held in November 2015, in Los Angeles, the USA.

• The 13th PBD was held in Gujarat marked the 100th year of Mahatma Gandhi’s return to India from South Africa.

IMF CUTS WORLD GROWTH FORECAST THIRD TIME IN A YEAR

  • The International Monetary Fund (IMF) cut its global growth forecasts for the third time in less than a year, as new figures from Beijing showed that the Chinese economy grew at its slowest rate in a quarter of a century in 2015.
  • To back its forecasts, the IMF cited a sharp slowdown in China trade and weak commodity prices that are hammering Brazil and other emerging markets.
  • The Fund forecast that the world economy would grow at 3.4 per cent in 2016 and 3.6 per cent in 2017, both years down 0.2 percentage points from the previous estimates made last October.
  • IMF report says “Near- term fiscal policy should be more supportive of the recovery, especially through investments that would augment future productive capital”.
  • The IMF maintained its previous China growth forecasts of 6.3 per cent in 2016 and 6.0 per cent in 2017,which represent sharp slowdowns from 2015.
  • The IMF projected 7.3 per cent GDP growth for India in 2015-16 and 7.5 per cent in 2016-17, levels unchanged from its outlook released in October. In 2014-15, it estimates, GDP grew 7.3 per cent.
  • The Union Finance Ministry last November revised downwards its projection for the current financial year to 7.5 per cent after estimates from the Central Statistics office showed that in the first six months, real GDP grew 7.2 per cent, slower than the 7.5 per cent in the corresponding period last year.
  • In February 2015, it projected that growth would accelerate to 8.1-8.5 per cent. The RBI’s forecast for growth this year is 7.4 per cent.

LANCET AND LONDON SCHOOL HYGIENE TO START A CAMPAIGN AGAINST PREVENTABLE STILLBIRTHS

  • Concerned over the slow rate at which stillbirths have reduced across the world, the journal, The Lancet, has launched a series of five papers about ending preventable still- births and kick-started a campaign along with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
  • An estimated 2.6 million third trimester stillbirths occurred in 2015 across the world, or as one of The Lancet articles in the series says. Most still- births (98 per cent) occur in low and middle income countries, The Lancet paper shows.
  • While the estimates for the causes of stillbirths are often frustrated by various classification systems, in 18 countries with reliable data, congenital abnormalities account only for a median of 7.4 per cent of still- births.
  • Many disorders associated with stillbirths are potentially modifiable and often coexist — maternal infections,non-communicable diseases, nutrition, lifestyle factors and maternal age older than 35 years.
  • Prolonged pregnancies, when the baby is not born after 42 weeks of gestation, contribute to 14 per cent of stillbirths.
  • Causal pathways for stillbirth frequently involve impaired placental function, either with growth restriction, or preterm labour or both.
  • The journal points out that less than 5 per cent of neonatal deaths and even fewer still births are registered.
  • Notably, it was in 2011, that The Lancet began its first series on stillbirths, highlighting the rates and causes of still- birth globally, exploring cost-effective interventions to prevent stillbirths (as well as maternal and neonatal deaths), and setting key actions to halve stillbirth rates by 2020.
  • One of the papers notes that some progress has been made in the measurement of stillbirths since the 2011 The Lancet Still- births Series.
  • Stillbirths are increasingly counted, which might be partly related to more visible estimates.
  • India continues to be at the top of the table in the rank for numbers of still-birth in 2015, recording 5,92,100, followed by Nigeria, Pakistan, China and Ethiopia.
  • Cultural taboos and superstitions often take the blame in the case of stillbirth — in a recent study, 36 per cent of respondents blamed the mother for her life- style or diet, 29 per cent said the baby was never supposed to live and 25 per cent blamed it on witchcraft or evil spirits.

NATIONAL FAMILY HEALTH SURVEY-4 INDICATES IMPROVEMENT IN HEALTH INDICATORS

  • After 11 years, the much-awaited data on India’s health indicators were released by the Health Ministry.
  • The Phase 1 results from the National Family Health Survey-4 for 2015-16, which covered 13 States and two Union Territories (UTs), are a reason to smile.
  • In nearly every State, fewer children are dying in infancy, and across all States, more mothers are getting access to skilled ante-natal care. The last round of NFHS data was released in 2005-06.
  • Other findings are that while anaemia is widespread, rates have declined. Currently, over half the children in 10 States and over half the mothers in 11 States continue to be anaemic.
  • Consistent with the burden of non-communicable diseases in India, over-nutrition or obesity among adults has emerged as a major concern.
  • At least three in 10 women are overweight or obese in the Andaman and Nicobar Is- lands, Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Puducherry, and Tamil Nadu.
  • A promising trend in the data shows that women are having fewer children.

IRCTC PUTS CHECKS ON TICKET BOOKING

  • The Indian Railways said it had put in various security checks to ensure there is no misuse of ticket booking facility on the Indian Railway Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) website.
  • Users will now have to wait for at least 35 seconds before he or she can book a ticket over the IRCTC website to prevent faster booking of tickets through illegal software.
  • Earlier, theminimum waiting time for booking rail tickets online was kept at 10 seconds which was more vulnerable to cyber attacks.
  • Users need to enter CAPTCHA – a series of numbers to distinguish between human and computers thrice now.
  • This will be needed at the log-in, reservation and payment stages. “With these checks, it is not possible to book any opening tatkal ticket by any software being sold in the market earlier than 35 seconds.”

SYRIA PEACE TALKS MAY BE DELAYED DUE TO UNDECIDED OPPOSITION

  • The United Nations said it was waiting for regional powers spearheading the Syria peace process to agree on who will take part in talks starting in just one week’s time and raised the possibility of a delay.
  • The peace talks, the first between the Syrian government and the Opposition since 2014, are scheduled to open in Geneva on January 25, but invitations have yet to be sent to the delegations.
  • The 17 countries pushing for a peace deal, including the United States, Russia, Saudi Arabia and Iran, have been struggling to agree on the list of opposition leaders who will have a seat at the negotiating table.
  • Saudi Arabia last month hosted a meeting of armed factions and Oppositiongroups to agree on a common platform in negotiations with the Damascus regime, but Russia has said that effort did not include all players.
  • Moscow wants the moderate Opposition that is closer to President Bashar al-Assad to take part.

U.S. SUPREME COURT TO LOOK INTO POWER OF U.S. PRESIDENT REGARDING IMMIGRANTS

  • U.S. Supreme Court has said to review whether U.S. President has power to protect illegal immigrants from deportation.
  • More than four million people in the country illegally whose children are legal residents stand to benefit from the President’s orders, which would allow them to stay and work in the United States while their legal status is being resolved.
  • Determined to circumvent Congress, after it failed to pass comprehensive immigration reform, Mr. Obama announced the measures in November 2014.
  • Governors of 26 Republican-led States challenged the orders as exceeding the President’s executive powers, and federal courts in Texas and Louisiana put them on hold.
  • The top U.S. court has not scheduled oral arguments in the case, but it is expected to render a decision by mid- June, with the U.S. election season in full swing and less than a month before the Republican and Democratic nominating conventions.

NEW GROWTH FIGURES INDICATES CHINA ON THE PATH OF ECONOMIC SHIFT

  • China’s economy grew by 6.9 per cent last year, in line with the official projection of “around 7 per cent.”
  • The numbers signalled that the government was on track of transitioning the economy from manufacturing to the lower growth “new normal” path, where consumption and services would dominate.
  • Though last year’s growth was the slowest since 1990, it nevertheless calmed nerves in the global market, which had feared that the Chinese economy was on the brink of a “hard landing” following the recent mayhem in the stock market and spurts of currency volatility.
  • Consequently, the data emerging from China’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) triggered a significant rally in industrial commodities, in anticipation that Chinese demand may not be falling as sharply as feared.
  • Brent crude, the international energy benchmark, which had on Monday dropped to $27.67 a barrel — a 12- year intra-day low — firmed up by 5.5 per cent to reach $30.12, following data from Beijing.
  • Copper also rose to $4,447 a tonne, after dropping last week nearly to a seven- year low of $4,318.
  • The NBS figures revealed that China’s GDP stood at around $10.3 trillion. Significantly, the services sector — the indicator of an economic shift from inefficient manufacturing — accounted for 50.5 per cent of the GDP. This was the first occasion that services sector’s contribution had breached the 50 per centmark. Unemployment rate in major cities stood at around 5.1 per cent.
  • Yet, the figures showed that major hurdles had to be cross- ed before the economy settled along the planned “new normal” path. For instance, industrial output growth slowed to 6.1 per cent year on year from 8.3 per cent in 2014.

INDIA WILL LOOK TOWARDS AFRICA FOR OIL AND GAS

  • India is looking at Africa to spruce up its oil and gas imports as it seeks to diversify its energy basket after Saudi Arabia’s decision to charge a premium for the oil it sells to Asian customers, ac- cording to the government.
  • Africa already contributes around 15 per cent of India’s oil needs, with India having imported 32 million metric tonnes from the entire continent in 2014.
  • Last year, Nigeria overtook Saudi Arabia as the largest contributor to India’s oil imports for a short period of time and currently remains one of the top providers of oil to India.
  • Saudi Arabia’s national oil and gas company, Saudi Aramco, recently announced that it would be charging Asian customers 60 cents a barrel more for Arab Light crude oil during February compared to the prices theywould be paying in January.
  • India is currently the third- largest oil importer in the world, relying on imports for 76 per cent of its oil needs.

The International Energy Agency projects that this would rise to around 90 per cent by 2030 as India’s demand continues to increase.

 

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Last Updated on Saturday, 23 January 2016 04:00
 

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