Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 26- OCTOBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 26- OCTOBER - 2016
Wednesday, 26 October 2016 03:36

 

 

 


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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

26- OCTOBER - 2016

:: NATIONAL ::

GREYHOUNDS AND THE SPECIAL OPERATION GROUP NEUTRALISED 24 MEMBERS OF CPI(M)

  • In a coordinated joint operation by the elite anti-Naxal strike force of Andhra Pradesh, the Greyhounds and the Special Operation Group of Odisha, 24 members of the banned CPI (Maoist) including a few top leaders, were shot dead.
  • This is the biggest blow the police have inflicted on the Maoists in a single operation in this area. Earlier, in the Kopparadangi encounter, 17 Maoists (then with People’s War Group) were killed.
  • Though the DGP of AP N. Sambasiva Rao claimed that routine combing party chanced upon the Maoist camp and an exchange of fire took place, sources in the police say that it was a planned operation.
  • Odisha Police had the information of the Maoist camp and sought the help of the Greyhounds.

HAJI ALI DARGAH TRUSTALLOWED WOMEN TO ENTER THE SANCTUM SANCTORUM

  • In a huge victory for equal right to worship for women, the Haji Ali Dargah Trust conceded before the Supreme Court that it has resolved to allow women to enter the sanctum sanctorum of the famed dargah in Mumbai on a “par with men”.
  • “The foundations of the value of equality are deeply-rooted in the structure of Islam, the value of equality is not simply a matter of constitutional rights or agreement of noblemen or condescending charity,” the Trust said in an affidavit.
  • The affidavit said the “Trust believes in the complete equality of men and women as envisaged in Islam and to give effect to the said principle of equality have decided that both men and women shall be allowed to enter the room.

PM MODI CONDEMNED TRIPLE TALAQ

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi strongly condemned triple talaq, arguing that in the 21st century, the “lives of Muslim women cannot be allowed to be ruined” by the contentious custom.
  • He appealed to the media not to give the debate on the issue a “Hindu-Muslim” colour, while calling for an informed discussion on the issue with experts and intellectuals from the Muslim community.
  • Hitting out at Opposition parties, Mr. Modi said he was “shocked” that they were “hell-bent on committing injustice to women in the 21st century,” in their “lust for [the] vote bank.”
  • Mr. Modi raised the issue of triple talaq among Muslims while condemning the practice of female foeticide among Hindus, stressing that “sisters, mothers and daughters should be protected irrespective of community or religion”.
  • Though Mr Modi has made veiled references to the issue of triple talaq during his Dasara speech in Lucknow, the Bundelkhand rally was the first time he has directly expressed views on the rights of Muslim women in the ongoing debate.
  • He said the debate on triple talaq must engage the intellectuals and experts from the Muslim community.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

IRAQ SAID NO TO TURKEY’S HELP IN MOSUL

  • Adispute between Iraq and Turkey has emerged as a dramatic geopolitical sideshow to the complicated military campaign to retake Mosul, Iraq’s second-largest city, from the Islamic State (IS).
  • President of Turkey has insisted on a role in the battle for Mosul, trying to ramp up an involvement in Iraq that has already alarmed the Iraqi government.
  • In response, the normally mild-mannered Iraqi Prime Minister, warned last week of a military confrontation between Turkey and Iraq. If Turkish forces intervene in Mosul, he said, they will not “be in a picnic.”
  • The rift is no mere diplomatic row; it is a stark example of the complete breakdown in sovereignty of not just Iraq but Syria as well.
  • For almost a year, U.S. diplomats have sought to contain the crisis. They have encouraged the Turks to respect Iraq’s sovereignty and aid the fight against the IS by carrying out activities under the umbrella of the U.S.-led coalition.
  • But Turkey has kept its troops in Bashiqa, a deployment the Iraqi government says it never approved.
  • Turkey has a number of strategic reasons for maintaining a military presence in northern Iraq.
  • It wants a bulwark against the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK, which is waging an insurgency in southeast Turkey and keeps bases in the mountains of northern Iraq.

:: SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY ::

PROCESS FOR CHANDRAYAN-2 STARTED

  • Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) started the first set of a series of ground and aerial tests related to the critical moon landing of Chandrayaan-2.
  • ISRO Satellite Centre or ISAC, which is the lead centre for the country’s second moon mission, has artificially created eight to ten craters to make the terrain resemble the lunar surface. This terrain is now the test bed for the lunar Lander’s sensors.
  • The campaign for the Lander tests of Chandrayaan-2 has started. The tests are conducted over the craters simulated at Chitradurga.”
  • Chandrayaan-2 is tentatively marked for late 2017 or early 2018 launch and includes a soft-landing on moon and operating a rover on its surface.
  • Landing on an alien surface is a very complicated activity, said Dr. Annadurai, who was also the Project Director for the successful Chandrayaan-1 of 2008. The success of the Lander hinges on the sensors.
  • As the Lander descends from the mother ship or Orbiter, its sensors must judge the distance to the lunar surface.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

NUMBER OF DEBIT CARDS MISUSED WERE VERY FEW

  • The Reserve Bank of India said on Monday that the number of debit cards misused in the recent revelation of fraud was ‘few’.
  • This followed a meeting that the central bank had with select bankers.
  • “The number of cards misused, as per currently available information, is few,” the central bank said. Apart from banks, National Payment Corporation of India and card network operators also participated in the meeting.
  • “The issue is currently being investigated by an approved forensic auditor, under PCI-DSS (Payment Card Industry-Data Security Standard) framework,” the bank said.

NITI AAYOG VICE-CHAIRMAN DEFENDS GST RATES

  • NITI Aayog Vice-Chairman Arvind Panagariya took on critics of the Centre's proposals to levy a cess on top of the GST with four tax slabs ranging from six per cent to 26 per cent apart from a zero-tax category.
  • Moving to just two rates or a single GST rate, instead of the four rates in the range proposed by the finance ministry to the GST Council, could trigger inflation in some products and services, Mr. Panagariya said.
  • The cess on GST would help the Centre compensate states for revenue losses for five years and could be wound down after that, he pointed out, as opposed to the alternative of imposing higher GST rates.
  • Till 1999, there were about 11 rates of excise duty – which Yashwant Sinha as Finance Minister modified to three rates – 8 per cent, 16 per cent and 24 per cent. Since then, the rates have changed a lot and we again have multiple tax rates.
  • 100 per cent of the cess proceeds will go to the Centre and the advantage of cess is it’s supposed to be temporary.
  • If it is imposed for the specific purpose of compensating the states, then it will be dropped after five years and you will get a lower rate.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

INDIA, MYANMAR SIGNED 3 MOUS INCLUDING COOPERATION IN THE FIELD OF POWER SECTOR

India and Myanmar signed three agreements to boost the bilateral relations between the two nations. Keeping in view the sensitivity of each other’s strategic interests, the two nations also agreed for close security coordination in border areas.

The MoUs were inked in New Delhi after delegation level talks with the visiting State Counsellor of Myanmar Aung San Suu Kyi. Suu Kyi was on a three day visit to India. Agreements inked includes

• MoU for designing an academic and professional building programme for insurance industry of Myanmar. The MoU was signed between Financial Regulatory Department of Myanmar and Insurance Institute of India.

• MoU on Cooperation in the field of Power Sector: India has also offered to enhance power supply from Moreh in Manipur to Tamu in Myanmar.

• MoU on Banking Supervision between RBI and Central Bank of Myanmar.

Besides, the two countries also agreed to enhance engagement in several areas like to develop a mutually beneficial arrangement for trade in pulses. India also said that the Archaeological Survey of India will soon begin work on restoring two old temples and inscriptions of King Mindon and King Baygyidaw in Bodh Gaya.

KOCHI BECOMES FIRST INDIAN CITY TO HOST FIFA U-17 WORLD CUP

Kochi became the first Indian city to be officially declared as one of the venues for hosting the 2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup. The tournament will be hosted in the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium of the city.

A 23-member high-level delegation comprising experts from FIFA and Local Organising Committee (LOC) ratified Kochi as the venue for next year's mega event. Earlier, the delegation visited the Jawarharlal Nehru International Stadium.

Official Emblem launched for FIFA U-17 World Cup India 2017

With this, the event also became the first FIFA event to be held in the subcontinent.

Tournament Director of the LOC, Javier Ceppi said that besides Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, the team also visited the prospective training grounds in Kochi -- Parade Ground, Fort Kochi Veli Football Ground, Maharajas College Ground and Government Boys High School Panampilly Nagar.

2017 FIFA U-17 World Cup

The FIFA U-17 World Cup 2017 will be held in India. This will be first time that the planet’s second most populous country will host a FIFA event. Till date, India has successfully hosted a wide range of sporting events like from the Asian Games to the Commonwealth Games and world championships in sports like cricket and field hockey.

The tournament is slated to be held from September to October 2017.

India in Football

• Indian football team took part on the 1948 London Olympics, their first major international tournament.

• The nation qualified regularly for the Olympics until 1960.

• The 1956 Melbourne Olympics saw the national football team finish a very respectable fourth.

• The main success for Indian football came in that era with gold medals at the Asian Games in New Delhi 1951 and Jakarta in 1962.

• India was invited to participate in the 1950 FIFA World Cup in Brazil.

Currently, football is one of the most followed sports in India and is only behind cricket in terms of reputation and popularity. This has been the result of a series of initiatives and investments in the future of the sport.

History of Football in India

India has been playing football since 19th century. India’s oldest and surviving clubs namely, Mohammedan Sporting and Mohun Bagan, were formed just three decades after the first club in the world, Sheffield FC, was established. Indeed, India’s Durand Cup is the world’s third oldest football competition.

INTERNATIONAL PRIZE IN STATISTICS AWARDED TO SIR DAVID COX

Noted British statistician Sir David Cox was named the inaugural recipient of the International Prize in Statistics. He is honoured for Survival Analysis Model Applied in Medicine, Science, and Engineering.

The International Prize in Statistics Foundation is recognizing Cox specifically for his 1972 paper in which he developed the proportional hazards model that today bears his name.

The Cox Model

The Cox Model is widely used in the analysis of survival data and enables researchers to more easily identify the risks of specific factors for mortality or other survival outcomes among groups of patients with disparate characteristics.

From disease risk assessment and treatment evaluation to product liability, school dropout, reincarceration and AIDS surveillance systems, the Cox Model has been applied essentially in all fields of science, as well as in engineering.

Successful application of the Cox Model has led to life-changing breakthroughs with far-reaching societal effects. Some of these effects are:

Demonstrating that a major reduction in smoking-related cardiac deaths could be seen within just one year of smoking cessation, not 10 or more years as previously thought.

Showing the mortality effects of particulate air pollution, a finding that has changed both industrial practices and air quality regulations worldwide.
Identifying risk factors of coronary artery disease and analyzing treatments for lung cancer, cystic fibrosis, obesity, sleep apnea and septic shock.

His 1972 paper is one of the three most-cited papers in statistics and ranked 16th in Nature's list of the top 100 most-cited papers of all time for all fields.

Who is Sir David Cox?

Cox is a noted figure in the field of statistics.

In 2010, he received the Copley Medal, the Royal Society's highest award that has also been bestowed upon such other world-renowned scientists as Peter Higgs, Stephen Hawking and Albert Einstein.

He was knighted in 1985.

He is a fellow of the Royal Society, an honorary fellow of the British Academy and a foreign associate of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences.

He has served as president of the Bernoulli Society, Royal Statistical Society and International Statistical Institute.

About International Prize in Statistics

The International Prize in Statistics recognizes a major achievement of an individual or team in the field of statistics.

The Prize also aims at promoting understanding of the growing importance and diverse ways statistics, data analysis, probability and the understanding of uncertainty advance society, science, technology and human welfare.

The Prize includes a monetary award of 75000 US dollar.

It is given every other year by the International Prize in Statistics Foundation.

Recipients are chosen from a selection committee comprised of world-renowned academicians and researchers and officially presented with the award at the World Statistics Congress.

INDIAN RAILWAYS WINS WORLD RAILWAY SHOOTING CHAMPIONSHIP CUP

Indian Railways won the World Railway Shooting Championship Cup. The tournament was held at Saint Mandrier, France.

It is the first time that Indian Railways emerged victorious in this competition. In 2015, the Indian Railways were the runners up team.

Indian Railways team won a total 10 medals, which include 5 Gold, 3 Silver and 2 Bronze, to bag the Overall Championship at the 15th International Shooting World Championship (USIC). The purpose of USIC is to encourage the practice of amateur sport among railway employees all over the world.

The Western Railways members along with Coach Anuja Tere Jung represented Team India. The team defeated Germany and France to win Gold in 50 Meter Rifle Event.

Swapnil Kusale and Tejaswini Muley won Gold and Silver medal respectively. In Air Rifle, Ayonika Paul won Gold by defeating France and Norway while Suma Shirur won silver and Gurjit won Bronze.

In Air Pistol, all three Indian shooters Jitendra Vibhute, Sumedh Devlaliwala and Vipin Rana bagged Gold, Silver and Bronze respectively.

INDIA AND CHINA CONDUCT SINO INDIA COOPERATION 2016 IN LADAKH

The Indian and Chinese armies held second joint exercise Sino India Cooperation 2016 in Ladakh. The exercise was held as a part of the ongoing initiative to enhance interaction and cooperation between India and China, under the provisions of Border Defense Cooperation Agreement, 2013.

The Exercise was held as a sequel to the first Joint Exercise held on 6 February 2016 in the area of Border Personnel Meeting Hut at Chushul Garrison of Eastern Ladakh, along with Chinese troops of Moldo Garrison.

Key highlights of the exercise

During the day long exercise on Humanitarian Aid and Disaster Relief (HADR), a fictitious situation of earthquake striking an Indian Border village was painted. Thereafter, joint teams carried out rescue operations, evacuation and rendering of medical assistance.

The Indian Team was led by Brigadier RS Raman.

The Chinese Team was led by Senior Col Fan Jun.

The exercise refined the drills to provide succour to the border population in case of natural calamity.

It also increased the level of trust and cooperation between the two border guarding forces along the LAC in Eastern Ladakh.

The joint exercise complements the Hand-in-Hand series of India-China joint exercises which started in 2007.

 

 

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Last Updated on Thursday, 27 October 2016 03:14
 
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