Thursday, 01 December 2016 05:40




RMI'S Current Affairs - https://www.facebook.com/RMIS-Current-Affairs


02- NOVEMBER - 2016




  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi said GaribiHatao (poverty alleviation) was the main aim of his government “without which everything else will be ineffective”.
  • “Our main aim is to make the country free from poverty. It may be a difficult task but our country’s interest lies in it. If we don’t do it, nothing else can work. That is why our entire energy is directed at the welfare of the poor.
  • Every single problem of the country can be solved only by the way of development and wherever we are ruling, let they be the States or the Centre, our governments are following the path of development,” he said.
  • Addressing the crowd, mostly of women, the Prime Minister said he was fortunate to get the blessing of his sisters from Chhattisgarh on the occasion of Bhaiduj, a festival of brothers and sisters.
  • Mr. Modi mentioned the vaccination programme “Mission Indradhanush” and the skill development programme launched by his government.


  • The NHRC, which issued notices to Madhya Pradesh authorities seeking reports on the gunning down of eight SIMI men, said in a statement that it had always been concerned about custodial deaths and deaths in police action.
  • They have also issued specific guidelines to all States and Union Territories on mandatory reporting of such instances.
  • This was the second prison break for three of the alleged SIMI men, who had escaped from Khandwa Jail three years ago. They were caught again this year in Odisha.
  • The prisoners had been charged with murder, sedition, jail break and robbing a bank.
  • The prisoners had escaped, and were killed in an encounter with police at about 11 a.m. the same day.


  • Urging westerners and U.S. citizens to stay alert, the U.S. State Department issued a travel advisory for India citing growing threat from attacks by the Islamic State (IS).
  • “Recent Indian media reports suggest the IS’s desire to attack targets in India. The U.S. Embassy warns of an increased threat to places in India frequented by westerners, such as religious sites, markets, and festival venues.
  • All U.S. citizens are reminded to maintain a high level of vigilance and take appropriate steps to increase their security awareness as detailed in the State Department’s Worldwide Caution of September 9 2016.
  • A similar message on September 9 had talked about IS attacks in Bangladesh and in other parts of South Asia.
  • However, this is the first time that a specific travel advisory has been issued citing heightened threat perception from the IS targeting India. Experts had warned that the IS is looking to cultivate local radical groups to target South Asia.



  • China unveiled its J-20 stealth fighter jet at its biggest air show which will have major implications for India as it is the first indigenously-made fifth-generation Chinese aircraft which Pakistan has shown interest in acquiring.
  • Two J-20 aircraft flew at the Zhuhai city air show where the Pakistan Air Force is also taking part flying with its J-17 Thunder jets which are jointly manufactured with China.


  • The trade deals that America has signed until now will not be worth the paper they are written on under his presidency, Republican presidential nominee Donald Trump said.
  • Mr. Trump said: “These deals will not be worth the paper they are written on, when I am President.” He named India among the countries to which American jobs are shifting.
  • “We are not against trade. But we will make trade deals with individual countries, and ensure that they stick to the terms of the deal.”
  • Meanwhile, Mr. Trump is tied with his Democratic opponent Hillary Clinton in a new poll conducted by Washington Post and ABC News.
  • Mr. Trump is one point ahead of Ms. Clinton, which is statistically a tie. The previous edition of the poll had Ms. Clinton leading by one point.



  • India’s factory activity rose for the tenth consecutive month to a 22-month high in October bolstered by a sharp increase in new orders, purchasing activity and output, a private sector survey showed.
  • The Manufacturing Purchasing Managers’ Index, compiled by Nikkei and Markit, reported a value of 54.4 in October, up from 52.1 in September. A value of more than 50 shows expansion, while one below 50 implies contraction.
  • Rising from 52.1 in September to 54.4, the latest reading was indicative of a robust improvement in manufacturing business conditions that was in line with the long-run series average.
  • Consumer goods producers outperformed their intermediate and investment goods counterparts, registering stronger rates of expansion for both output and new orders.
  • Although the consumer goods sector again outperformed its intermediate and investment goods peers, all three sectors reported strong and accelerated growth in October. The domestic market was the prime source of new business gains.


  • The concerns of 15 Asia-Pacific nations including India, over agreeing to give greater market access to Chinese goods without gaining in return, may take centre-stage in the forthcoming ministerial meeting on the RCEP.
  • RCEP is the proposed mega-regional Free Trade Agreement (FTA) between 16 Asia-Pacific countries including India, China, Japan, South Korea, Australia, New Zealand and the 10-member ASEAN bloc.
  • Trade ministers of these countries are slated to meet on November 3-4 at Cebu, Philippines to take forward the FTA negotiations.
  • The proposed FTA, which aims to open up trade in goods and services as well as liberalise investment policies, will cover a market of over three billion people in these countries — whose total GDP is more than $17 trillion and account for 40 per cent of world trade.
  • Indian government sources said it was not just India, but all the other countries in the RCEP grouping are also worried about agreeing to eliminate tariffs altogether — a move that will mainly help China.
  • The RCEP negotiation process, which had begun three years ago, is unlikely to be concluded by this year-end.


  • India is set to hold bilateral talks with its neighbouring Nepal under its new civil aviation policy to allow unlimited flight services with SAARC countries.
  • As a part of our new civil aviation policy, the Centre had written to all countries with which India has a bilateral air services agreement informing them about the plans to open up our skies.
  • Airlines from India and Nepal are allowed to operate 30,000 seats from each side at present.
  • While airlines from Nepal have utilised only eight per cent of the seat entitlements as of June this year, Indian counterparts have used 23 per cent of the seat entitlements.
  • Besides Nepal, India will also hold bilateral negotiations to open up the skies with two European countries — Netherlands and Sweden.
  • Under the new National Civil Aviation Policy, India has plans to enter into ‘open sky’ air service agreements (ASA) with SAARC countries and with countries beyond the 5,000-km radius from Delhi.
  • Recently, India had inked a memorandum of understanding with Greece for open skies, allowing airlines from Greece to operate unlimited flights to six Indian metropolitan airports.
  • Countries sign ASAs through bilateral negotiations to decide on the number of flights that airlines can fly into each other’s countries.



All India Radio’s (AIR’s) entry Diary of a Tiger (एक बाघ की डायरी) won the first prize in the Community Service Announcement category of the prestigious Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) awards for the year 2016.

Dairy of a Tiger was declared the winner at an award ceremony held in Bali, Indonesia, on the sidelines of ongoing 53rd ABU General Assembly and Associated Meetings. The award includes a trophy, certificate and cash prize of 2000 US Dollars.

Abhinay Srivastava received his award by Asia-Pacific Broadcasting Union (ABU) in association with RRI (Radio Republic Indonesia) & MMIT (Ministry of Communication and Informatics), Indonesia.

About Diary of a Tiger (एक बाघ की डायरी)

• The programme was produced by Abhinay Srivastava, Programme Executive, AIR Allahabad.

• The selected programme is an 89 second spot in Hindi on the dwindling forests and gradually decreasing habitat of tigers.

• It reflects through the notes inscribed by the successive generations of tigers in a diary format on their gradual decreasing numbers due to apathetic behaviour of human beings.

ABU Prizes 2016 (Radio) included six categories

1. Drama

2. Documentary

3. News Reporting

4. Community Service Announcement (CSA)

5. Interactive Programmes

6. Innovative Programmes

AIR had submitted its entries in four categories namely, Drama, Documentary, CSA and innovative categories.






Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB), Iran



Radio Television Hong Kong (RTHK), Hong Kong

An Age of Our Own:

War Times - 70th Anniversary Commemoration of the End of WWII

News Reporting

Radio and Television of the People's Republic of China (RTPRC) | China National Radio (CNR), China

36 Days

Community Service Announcement (CSA)

All India Radio (AIR), India

Diary of a tiger

Interactive Programme

Islamic Republic of Iran Broadcasting (IRIB)


Iranian Online

Innovative Programme

Radio and Television of the People's Republic of China (RTPRC) | China National Radio (CNR), China

Chinese Voice - Chinese New Year

Special Jury Prize

Bangladesh NGOs Network for Radio and Communication, (BNNRC) | Radio Chillmari, Bangladesh

The Destroyed Dream


India and New Zealand signed three agreements in the areas of double taxation avoidance, food security and sports.

The agreements were inked in New Delhi in presence of New Zealand Prime Minister John Key and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. John Key was on a three-day (25 October to 27 October 2016) visit to India.

List of agreements inked were

• Arrangement regarding Food Safety Cooperation: It was inked between the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India and the Ministry for Primary Industries of New Zealand.

• MoU for cooperation in the field of Youth Affairs and Sports: It was inked between Union Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports and Sport New Zealand of the Government of New Zealand.

• Third Protocol to the Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes on Income: It was inked between the Union Government and the Government of New Zealand.

Apart from this, the two nations also agreed to establish a Bilateral Ministerial Dialogue between two Foreign Ministries. They also agreed for establishment of Annual Foreign Ministry Consultations at Senior Officials Level and cooperation and Dialogue on Cyber Issues.

Besides, the two nations also held delegation level talks. Subjects discussed during the delegation level talks were

• Ways to further boost trade and investments between the two countries.

• The two sides agreed to continue to work closely towards an early conclusion of a balanced and mutually beneficial Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA).

• The two sides discussed and also agreed to strengthen the security and intelligence cooperation against terrorism and radicalization.


Haryana Government has decided to observe 2017 as the “Garib Kalyan Varsh”. The announcement was made by Chief Minister Manohar Lal.

During the observation period of Garib Kalyan Varsh, the government would lay emphasis on welfare of poor people and generating employment opportunities for the youth.

Khattar, who completed two years in office, also said that the outgoing year (2016) was dedicated to Pt. Deendayal Upadhyaya, which coincided with the Golden Jubilee of the state. Haryana was carved out of Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis.

Besides, Khattar also said that the state government would make some announcements on 31 October and Prime Minister Narendra Modi would also launch a host of schemes on 1 November at Gurugram.


World Economic Forum (WEF) released the Global Gender Gap Report 2016. The 2016 report provides Gender Gap scores for 144 countries compared to 145 countries included in 2015 report.

More than a decade of data has revealed that progress is still too slow for realizing the full potential of one half of humanity within our lifetimes. Out of the 144 countries surveyed, while Iceland topped the Gender Gap Index for the eighth consecutive year in a row, India stood at 87th position, from the 108th position in 2015.

World Economic Forum released Global Gender Gap Report 2015

As per the report, the global gender gap across health, education, economic opportunity and politics will take another 83 years across the 107 countries covered since the inception of the Report to close this gap completely.

Main Highlights of the Global Gender Gap Report 2016

• Top ten countries with high gender equality are Iceland (1), Finland (2), Norway (3), Sweden (4), Rwanda (5) Ireland (6), The Philippines (7), Slovenia (8), New Zeeland (9) and Nicaragua (10).

• Five countries with least gender equality are Yemen (144), Pakistan (143), Syria (142), Saudi Arabia (141) and Chad (140).

• The non-European nations in the top ten include Rwanda (5), The Philippines (7), New Zeeland (9) and Nicaragua (10).

• Out of the 142 countries covered by the Index both this year and last year, 68 countries have increased their overall gender gap score compared to 2015, while 74 have seen it decrease.

• No country in the world has fully closed its gender gap, but four out of the five Nordic countries and, for the first time this year, Rwanda, have closed more than 80% of theirs. Yemen, the lowest ranking country, has closed slightly less than 52% of its gender gap.

• The Global Gender Gap Index reveals that all countries can do more to close the gender gap.

• Across the Index, there are only five countries that have closed 80% of the gap or more.

• In addition, there are 64 countries that have closed between 70% and 80% of their gender gap.

• A further 65 countries have closed between 60% and 70%, while 10 countries have closed between 50% and 60%.

Report in context of India

• India which was ranked at 87th position had succeeded in closing the gender gap with regard to wage equality and across all indicators of the Educational Attainment sub-index, fully closing its primary and secondary education enrolment gender gaps.

• However, it also sees some regression on women’s estimated earned income and continues to rank third-lowest in the world on Health and Survival, remaining the world’s least-improved country on this sub-index over the past decade.

• Economic Participation and Opportunity: India was ranked at 136th position with 0.408 score. In this segment, India’s performance was one of the lowest among the surveyed countries. In 2015, India was placed at 139th position.

• Educational attainment: India was ranked at 113rd position with 0.950 score.

• Health and survival: India was ranked at 142nd position with 0.942 score.

• Political empowerment: India was placed at 9th position with 0.433 score.

South Asia

• With an average remaining gender gap of 33%, the South Asia region is the second-lowest scoring on this year’s Global Gender Gap Index, ahead of the Middle East and North Africa and behind the Sub-Saharan Africa region.

• Bangladesh and India are the top-ranked countries in the region, having closed just under 70% and 68% of their overall gender gap, respectively, while the lowest-ranked countries are Bhutan and Pakistan, having closed 64% and 56% of their overall gender gap, respectively.

• No country in the region has fully closed its Educational Attainment gender gap, and only one country, Sri Lanka, has fully closed its Health and Survival gender gap.

• However, the region is also home to one of the top five climbers over the past decade on the overall Index and on Educational Attainment: Nepal.

India and BRICS Countries

• The ranks of BRICS Countries in ascending order are:  South Africa (15), Russia (75), Brazil (79), China (99) and India (87).

India and SAARC Countries

• The ranks of SAARC Countries in ascending order are: Bangladesh (72); Sri Lanka (78); India (87); Nepal (110); Maldives (115); Bhutan (121) and Pakistan (143).

Global Gender Gap Index

• It was first published by World Economic Forum (WEF) in 2006 and the 2016 report was the 11th edition.

• Through the Global Gender Gap Report, the World Economic Forum quantifies the magnitude of gender disparities and tracks their progress over time, with a specific focus on the relative gaps between women and men across four key areas, namely health, education, economy and politics.

• Economic Participation and Opportunity sub index and Political Empowerment sub index display the full scale of 0.00 to 1.00 while the figures for the Health and Survival and Educational Attainment sub indexes display the scale only from 0.50 to 1.00 for improving visual clarity.

• There are three basic concepts underlying the Global Gender Gap Index, forming the basis of the choice of indicators, how the data is treated and the scale used.

a) First, it focuses on measuring gaps rather than levels.

b) Second, it captures gaps in outcome variables rather than gaps in input variables.

c) Third, it ranks countries according to gender equality rather than women’s empowerment.


Senior IPS officer Karnal Singh was appointed the Director of Enforcement Directorate (ED).

The Appointments Committee of Cabinet approved the appointment of Singh till 31 August 2017, which is the date of his superannuation.

Singh was already holding the post as additional charge for over a year. His regular posting was Special Director, ED, for the northern region.

About Enforcement Directorate

The Directorate General of Economic Enforcement is a law enforcement agency and economic intelligence agency responsible for enforcing economic laws and fighting economic crime in India.

It is a part of the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance.

It comprises officers of the Indian Revenue Service, Indian Police Service and the Indian Administrative Service.

The origin of this Directorate dates back to 1 May, 1956, when an Enforcement Unit was formed, in Department of Economic Affairs, for handling Exchange Control Laws violations under Foreign Exchange Regulation Act, 1947.

In the year 1957, this Unit was renamed as Enforcement Directorate.


The one-man judicial committee on One Rank One Pension (OROP) submitted its report to the Defence Minister Manohar Parrikar.

The committee was appointed under the Chairmanship of Justice L Narasimha Reddy, retired Chief Justice of Patna High Court to look into the anomalies, if any, arising out of implementation of OROP.

Union Government appointed L Narasimha Reddy to head Judicial Committee on OROP

Highlights of the Report

• The judicial committee had held hearings at around 20 cities/towns across the country and interacted with cross sections of Ex-Servicemen as well as their associations.

• The committee also received 704 representations from individuals and various Ex-Servicemen associations and had held extensive interactions with all stakeholders before submitting its report.

What is OROP?

In simple terms, OROP implies that uniform pension be paid to the armed forces personnel retiring in the same rank with the same length of service, regardless of their date of retirement.

At present, ex-servicemen receive differential pensions as it is calculated on the basis of their salary at the time of their retirement.

One Rank, One Pension scheme for ex-servicemen

Differential payments occur as the salaries of personnel are frequently revised on the basis of pay commission’s recommendations.

For example, personnel who retired in 1990 receive fewer pensions compared to their juniors who retired in 2006 though they retired at the same rank with same length of service.




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Last Updated on Monday, 12 December 2016 04:50