Home Daily Updates IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 07 - DECEMBER - 2016
IMPORTANT CURRENT AFFAIRS & DAILY NEWS UPDATES : 07 - DECEMBER - 2016
Monday, 12 December 2016 05:40

 

 

 



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DAILY NEWS UPDATES

07- DECEMBER - 2016

 

:: NATIONAL ::

WITH JAYALALITHAA END OF AN ERA IN TAMIL NADU POLITICS

  • Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalithaa is no more. Jayalalithaa was one of the country’s most articulate and determined political personalities and a top film actress of the 1960s and 1970s.
  • She showed enormous resolve in fighting one obstacle after another since the time she stepped into the world of politics in June 1982, under the mentorship of Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran (MGR) the founder of the AIADMK and her lead co-star in 28 Tamil films.
  • The State declared a seven-day mourning and a holiday for educational institutions for three days. The national flag and the AIADMK flag would be flown at half-mast as a mark of mourning.
  • A one-time propaganda secretary of the party and a former Rajya Sabha MP, Jayalalithaa steered the AIADMK since 1989 when the party, which had split into two following MGR’s death in December 1987, reunited under her stewardship.
  • In the last six years, the political fortunes of the AIADMK soared to a new high with Jayalalithaa leading it to back-to-back victories in the 2011 Assembly elections, local body polls, the 2014 Parliamentary polls and the last Assembly elections in May 2016.
  • Since 2011, Jayalalithaa had launched several public welfare schemes doling out numerous freebies under the ‘Brand Amma’, such as launching the Amma Unavagam (canteen), Amma Water, Amma Salt — winning accolades nationally and endearing herself to the masses.

J.S. KHEHAR NEXT CHIEF JUSTICE OF INDIA

  • Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar, who led the five-judge constitution bench in the Supreme Court which had struck down the controversial NJAC Act for appointment of judges, was recommended as the 44th Chief Justice of India.
  • Justice Khehar, 64, will be the first Chief Justice from the Sikh community and he will succeed CJI Thakur who will be demitting office on January 3, 2017.
  • Justice Khehar, who will be sworn in on January 4, will hold the tenure for over seven months till August 27, 2017.

:: INTERNATIONAL ::

ROHINGYA  CRISIS

  • Kofi Annan, former Secretary-General of the UN and chairman of Myanmar’s Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, where Rohingya Muslims were killed and displaced recently, expressed concern about the alleged human rights violations .
  • The latest developments in Rakhine have divided ASEAN, with Muslim majority countries like Indonesia and Malaysia demanding international intervention.
  • The Rohingyas have faced persecution in mainly Buddhist Myanmar for generations. They were derecognised as citizens in 1982.
  • Violence between them and Buddhist hardliners erupted in Rakhine in 2012, displacing an estimated 100,000 Rohingyas.

:: BUSINESS AND ECONOMY ::

BRICS TO ELIMINATE TAX EVASION

  • BRICS countries reaffirmed their commitment to eliminate base erosion and profit shifting with all member countries agreeing that profits should be taxed in those jurisdictions where the activities deriving those profits are performed and where value is created.
  • The representatives, in a statement following a meeting, also reiterated their endorsement for the global Common Reporting Standard for Automatic Exchange of Information on a reciprocal basis to prevent cross-border tax evasion.

:: IMPORTANT DETAILED NEWS ::

AMRITSAR DECLARATION ADOPTED AT THE 6TH MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE OF HEART OF ASIA

The 6th Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia - Istanbul Process (HoA-IP) concluded after adopting the Amritsar Declaration. The declaration recognised terrorism as the biggest threat to peace and demands an immediate end to all forms of terrorism.

The Heart of Asia Ministerial Conference held in Amritsar was co-chaired by Arun Jaitley, Union Finance Minister and Salahuddin Rabbani, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. It saw the participation of Ministers of Foreign Affairs and high-level representatives of the participating and supporting countries.

The Sixth Ministerial Conference was inaugurated by Mohammad Ashraf Ghani, President of Afghanistan and Narendra Modi, Prime Minister of India.

Highlights of the Amritsar Declaration

Terrorism

  • Participating nations, for the first time, expressed concerns about the high-level of violence in Afghanistan caused by
  • Taliban and other terror groups including Islamic State and its affiliates Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, Haqqani Network, Al Qaida, TTP, Jamaat-ul-Ahrar, Jundullah and others.
  • Declaration recognised the necessity of taking serious measures to address recruitment of youth to extremist and terrorist networks.
  • It calls for immediate end to all forms of terrorism including support to it in any form including financing or tactical and logistical support to it.
  • The document called all states to take action against terrorist entities in accordance with their respective national counter-terrorism policies, their international obligations and the UN Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy 2006.
  • It called for early finalisation of the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism (CCIT) with consensus.
  • It says that radicalisation of disaffected elements of the population, especially youth, can only be prevented by effective de-radicalisation and counter-radicalisation strategies involving all the Heart of Asia countries.

Menace of Drug

  • Participating nations displayed their concern on the increase of production and cultivation of opium in Afghanistan and drug trafficking.
  • The declaration calls for efforts that help in eradicating the drug menace that poses a threat to the socio-economic development, security and stability of Afghanistan and the Heart of Asia region.

Connectivity and economic cooperation

  • The declaration acknowledges the crucial role of Afghanistan as a natural land bridge, which helps in promoting regional connectivity and economic integration in the region.
  • It stresses that connectivity and economic development will contribute to achieving peace and stability in the region including Afghanistan.
  • It will help in enhancing regional economic integration.
  • The declaration welcomes the practical implementation of TAPI and completion of the first stage of the Asian International Railway Corridor between Imamnazar, Turkmenistan, and Aqina, Afghanistan -- the initial stages of TAT linking Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan.
  • It also encourages implementation of the multinational energy and connectivity projects of TUTAP, CASA-1000, the five-nation railways, Chabahar agreement, TAT linking Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Tajikistan by rail. It would play a central role in strengthening regional cooperation between Central Asia and South Asia and further forge economic connectivity and growth in the region.
  • IT also welcomes the MoU on Jointly Building the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road between the China and Afghanistan. All these will lay the foundations for a successful Seventh Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan (RECCA) planned for November 2017 in Ashgabat.

Besides, the participants reaffirmed their commitment to the principles, objectives, and outcomes enshrined in the Declarations of previous five Conferences that have defined the ideals for the working of the HoA-IP aimed at promoting regional peace and prosperity. The previous five Ministerial Conferences were held in Istanbul (2011), Kabul (2012), Almaty (2013), Beijing (2014), and Islamabad (2015).

The declaration reaffirmed that importance of the HOA-IP as an important regional platform for political dialogue and close regional cooperation. It would help in promoting stability, peace and prosperity in Afghanistan and Heart of Asia region. It will also help in enhancing Afghanistan’s connectivity with the entire region.

The declaration calls to resolve the difference in a peaceful manner and refraining threat or force against the political independence, territorial integrity and sovereignty of any state.

The Amritsar Declaration was adopted by the Foreign Ministers and the Foreign Ministers and high-level representatives of the participating countries of the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process. The participating nations of the conference were India, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, China, Iran, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Pakistan, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Nations.

Besides, Azerbaijan displayed its willingness to host the seventh Ministerial Conference of the Heart of Asia-Istanbul Process in 2017.

Countries that supported the declaration of the conference: Australia, Canada, Denmark, Arab Egypt, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Japan, Poland, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States.

International and regional organisations that supported the declaration of the conference:Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia (CICA), Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN), Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE), Asian Development Bank (ADB), Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), Economic Cooperation Organizations (ECO), North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Collective Security Treaty Organizations (CSTO), and South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

NARENDRA MODI WINS READER’S POLL FOR THE TIME PERSON OF THE YEAR 2016

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi was the clear winner of online reader’s poll for the TIME ‘Person of the Year 2016’.

Amoung the total votes cast, 18 percent went to Modi, which is almost two times more than the percentage of yes votes received by U.S President Barack Obama, US President-elect Donald Trump and Founder of Wikileaks Julian Assange, who all got 7% votes each. The results were calculated on the basis of votes received until the midnight of 4 December 2016.

The Indian elected head was also way ahead of U.S presidential nominee Hillary Clinton who received 4 percent votes and the founder of Facebook, Mark Zuckerberg, who just received 2 percent votes in his favour.

However, this is not the first time that Narendra Modi has dominated the online reader’s poll for the ‘Time Person of the Year’ title. He was at the top of the list in 2014 as well securing almost 16 percent of the total five million votes cast. That was the same year when he was elected as the Prime Minister of India, with his party gaining a landslide victory.

The official result for the TIME ‘Person of the Year’ will be announced on 7 December 2016. The winner’s name will be decided by the editors of the magazine.

The prestigious title is presented every year to an individual who has had the most impact on the news and world in the past year, regardless of whether the influence was positive or negative. Last year the title had gone to the German Chancellor, Angela Merkel.

AIRTEL APPOINTS SUNIL TALDAR AS CEO AND DIRECTOR FOR DTH BUSINESS

Bharti Airtel Limited announced the appointment of Sunil Taldar as the Chief Executive Officer and Director for its DTH business.

Taldar will take over from Shashi Arora who moved as Managing Director and CEO of Airtel Payments Bank.

Taldar will be a member of the Airtel Management Board and will report to Gopal Vittal, Chief Executive Officer at Bharti Airtel (India and South Asia).

As per Airtel, Taldar will be “responsible for driving growth and innovation for Airtel Digital TV, which is a key growth driver within the company’s B2C portfolio.”

Previously, Taldar worked with Cadbury as India Sales Director. He had also worked with Mondelez (Indonesia) as Country Head.

About Airtel digital TV

Airtel digital TV is an Indian direct-broadcast satellite service provider.

It is owned and operated by Bharti Airtel.

It was launched in 2008.

Its satellite service transmits digital satellite television and audio to households in India.

At the end of the September 2016 quarter, Airtel digital TV had 12.4 million customers and recorded revenue growth of 21 per cent.

RAKESH ASTHANA APPOINTED AS INTERIM DIRECTOR OF CBI

Senior IPS officer Rakesh Asthana was appointed as the Interim Director of Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI). He was given this additional charge by the Union Government following retirement of Anil Sinha.

This was the first time in last 10 years and second time in the CBI’s history that no new Director was named to succeed an incumbent.

About Rakesh Asthana

• He is a 1984 batch Indian Police Service (IPS) officer of Gujarat Cadre.

• Before this appointment, he was serving as Additional Director in the Central Bureau of Investigation itself.

• He served as the commissioner of police of Vadodara and Surat region.

• He headed the Special Investigation Team (SIT) while it was probing the Godhra train incident of February 2002.

About Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI)

• It is the chief investigative police agency in India and derives its power from the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act, 1946.

• It was established in 1941 as the Special Police Establishment and was later renamed as CBI in 1963.

• It has its headquarters in New Delhi and serve the motto of 'Industry, Impartiality, Integrity'.

• It is headed by Director who should be an IPS officer of DGP rank. The director is selected as per the provisions of Central Vigilance Commission (CVC) Act, 2003.

• The CBI Director is selected by a collegium comprising Prime Minister, Chief Justice of India and Leader of Opposition or leader of the largest party in opposition in Lok Sabha.

 

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Last Updated on Monday, 12 December 2016 09:55