Home Essay/Articles INDIAN ARMED FORCES
INDIAN ARMED FORCES
Tuesday, 20 February 2018 05:50

Defence

INTRO

The republican of India has the world 3rd largest military force and has the world largest volunteer army .Indian armed forces consist of 3 professional uniformed services:  Indian army, Indian navy, Indian air force. Additionally Indian armed forces are supported by paramilitary forces , Indian coast guard and other Intelligence agencies  like RAW(Research and analysis Wing),IB(Intelligence Bureau)  .The president is the supreme commander of Indian Armed forces and is looked after by the Ministry Of Defence and is led by the union cabinet minister of Defence. The ministry of Defence constitutes the following -

  1. Department of Defence
  2. Department of Defence Production and Supplies
  3. Department of Defence Research and Development(DDRD)

The Department of Defence Production of the Ministry of Defence is responsible for the indigenous production of equipment used by the Indian Armed Forces. It comprises the 41 Indian Ordnance Factories under the control of the Ordnance Factories Board. India was the largest importer of Defence equipment in 2014 with Russia, Israel, France and the United States being the top foreign suppliers of military equipment. The Government of India has launched a Make in India initiative to indigenize manufacturing and reduce dependence on imports as according to recent deal, from 140 M-777 Howitzer guns 120 guns and 36 Rafael fighter planes dialed to be manufactured in Indian.

The Indian armed forces have been engaged in a number of major military operations, including: the Indo-Pakistani wars of 1947, 1965 and 1971, the Portuguese-Indian War, the Sino-Indian War, the 1967 Chola incident, the 1987 Sino-Indian skirmish, the Kargil War, and the Siachen conflict among others.

Entry Schemes For Indian Armed Forces

  1. Army (Click For Details)
  2. Navy (Click For Details)
  3. Air Force (Click For Details)

 

 


Ranks (Commissioned Officers)

 

 

Ranks (Junior commissioned officer)

(Army)

(Air Force)

(Navy)

 

 

Ranks (Non Commissioned Officer)

(Army)

(Air Force)

(Navy)

 

 

 


 

 

Army


 

  • Headquarter-New Delhi
  • Headed by-Chief of army staff(Present-gen Bipin Rawat).He is assisted by 8 Lt. Generals(one vice chief, two deputy chief, a military secretary, an adjutant general, the quartermaster general, the master general of ordnance and the engineer in chief).

Units Commander

  1. Fire team (3-4 men)                        corporal
  2. Section (10 to 12 men)                    sergeant
  3. Platoon(4 section)                           headed by lieutenant
  4. Company(4 platoon)                        headed by major/captain
  5. Battalions(300-800)                         headed by Colonel
  6. Brigades(3,000-5,000)                     headed by Brigadier
  7. Divisions(10,000-30,000)                 headed by Major General
  8. Corps (30,000-50,000)                    headed by Lt. General
  9. Field army (100,000-300K)              general
  10. Army group front (2+field armies)    field marshal/5 star gen
  11. region/theatre (4+ army group)       six star rank/commander in chief

 

  • No. of commands

Command                                         Headquarter

  1. Western command                                Chandimandir
  2. Eastern command                                 Kolkata
  3. Northern command                               Udhampur
  4. Southern command                               pune
  5. Central command                                  Lucknow
  6. Training command(1991)                       Mhow
  7. South western command(2005)              Jaipur
  • The army is organized into 2 parts-Arms and Services

Arms

  • Indian infantry regiment
  • Armoured corps regiments-The armoured corps center and school is at Ahemdanagar
  • Regiment of Artillery-The school of Artillery is at devlali near Nasik
  • Corps of signals-Military college of Telecommunication Engineering(MCTE) Mhow is a premiere training institute of the corps of signals.
  • Corps of Engineers-The College of military Engineering is at Dapodi, Pune. The Engineer Group at Rorkee and Bombay Engineer Group at Khadki, Pune.
  • Corps of Army Air Defence- Centre at gopalpur in Orissa State
  • Mechanized Infantry – Regimental Centre at Ahmednagar.
  • Army Aviation Corps(India)

Services

  • Army Dental corps
  • Army education corps- centred at Jabalpur and secunderabad (HQ).
  • Army medical Corps-centered at Kamptee near Nagpur
  • Army Ordnance Corps- Centered at Jabalpur and secunderabad
  • Army Postal Service Corps- Centre at Kamptee near Nagpur
  • Army Service Corps-  Centered at Bangalore and Gaya
  • Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers- Centered at Bhopal and secunderabad
  • Corps of Military Police(India)- Centered at Bangalore
  • Intelligence Corps- Centered at Pune
  • Judge Advocate General’s Debt- Centered at the Institute Of Military Law, Kamptee, Nagpur
  • Military Farms Service- Centered at the Military Farms School and Centre, Meerut cantt
  • Military Nursing Service
  • Remount and Veterinary Corps
  • Pioneer Corps

Infantry Regiment

Upon its inception, The Indian Army inherited the British Army’s Organizational structure which is still maintained today. Therefore like predecessors, an Indian Infantry Regiment’s is not to undertake field operation but to provide battalions and well trained personnel to the field formation.

Infantry Regiment of the Indian army recruit based on certain criteria selection criteria, such as geographical location (the Punjab regiment), Assam rifles etc. Some regimental recruitment criteria are unique to India with some regiment’s recruitment pool falling on ethnicity, caste or religion such as Gorkha Regiment, Jatt Regiment and sikh Regiment respectively. Over the years various political and military factions have tried to dissolve the unique selection criteria process of the regiments over a feat that5 loyalty to the regiment or its ethnic people opposed to loyalty to the union of India and have succeeded somewhat with the creation of caste-less, religion less, non-regional regiment, such as brigade of guards & Parachute Regiment, but have generally met with the little success or gained popular support amongst the rank and file jawans.

Regiments

Regiment

Active From

Regimental Center

Motto

War Cry

Madras Regiment

1758

Wellington, Tamil Nadu

"Swadharme nidhanam shreyaha" ("it is a glory to die doing one’s duty")

"Veera Madrasi, adi kollu, adi kollu" ("brave Madrasi, hit and kill, hit and kill")

Rajputana Rifles

1775

Delhi Cantonment

"Veer bhogya vasundhara" ("the brave shall inherit the earth")

"Raja Ramachandra ki jai" ("victory to King Ramachandra")

Rajput Regiment

1778

Fatehgarh, Uttar Pradesh

"Sarvatra vijay" ("victory everywhere")

"Bol Bajrang Bali Ki jai" ("say victory to Lord Hanuman")

Dogra Regiment

1877

Faizabad, Uttar Pradesh

"Kartavyam anvatma" ("duty before death")

"Jawala Mata ki jai" ("victory to Goddess Jawala")

Sikh Regiment

1846

Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand

"Nischay kar apni jeet karon" ("with determination, I will be triumphant")

"Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal" ("he who cries 'God is truth' is ever happy")

Jat Regiment

1795

Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh

"Sangathan va veerta" ("unity and valour")

"Jat balwan, jai bhagwan" ("the Jat is strong, victory to God")

Parachute Regiment

1945

Bangalore, Karnataka

"Shatrujeet" ("the conqueror")

"Sarvada shaktishali" ("always strong")

Punjab Regiment

1761

Ramgarh Cantonment, Jharkhand

"Sthal wa jal" ("by land and sea")

"Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal" ("he who cries 'God is truth' is ever happy"); "Bol Jawala Ma ki jai" ("say victory to Goddess Jawala")

The Grenadiers

1758

Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

"Sarvada shaktishali ("always strong")

"Sarvada shaktishali" ("always strong")

Sikh Light Infantry

1944

Fatehgarh, Uttar Pradesh

"Deg teg fateh" ("prosperity in peace and victory in war")

"Jo bole So Nihal, sat sri akal" ("he who cries 'God is truth' is ever happy")

Maratha Light Infantry

1768

Belgaum, Karnataka

"Duty, honour, courage"

"Bola Shri Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj ki jai, Temlai Mata ki jai" ("say victory to Emperor Shivaji, victory to Goddess Temlai")

The Garhwal Rifles

1887

Lansdowne, Uttarakhand

"Yudhaya krit nischya" ("fight with determination")

"Badri Vishal Lal ki jai" ("victory to the Great Lord Badri Nath")

Kumaon Regiment

1813

Ranikhet, Uttarakhand

"Parakramo vijayate" ("valour triumphs")

"Kalika Mata ki jai" ("victory to Goddess Kali"); "Bajrang Bali ki jai" ("victory to Lord Hanuman"); "Dada Kishan ki jai" ("Victory to Dada Kishan")

Assam Regiment

1941

Shillong, Meghalaya

"Assam vikram" ("unique valour")

"Rhino charge"

Bihar Regiment

1941

Danapur, Bihar

"Karam hi dharam" ("work is worship")

"Jai Bajrang Bali" ("victory to Lord Hanuman")

Mahar Regiment

1941

Saugor, Madhya Pradesh

"Yash sidhi" ("success and attainment")

"Bolo Hindustan ki jai" ("say victory to India")

Jammu & Kashmir Rifles

1821

Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh

"Prashata ranvirta" ("valour in battle is praiseworthy")

"Durga Mata ki jai" ("victory to Goddess Durga")

Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry

1947

Avantipur, Jammu and Kashmir

"Balidanam vir lakshanam " ("sacrifice is a characteristic of the brave")

"Bharat Mata ki jai" ("victory to Mother India")

Naga Regiment

1970

"Jai Durga Naga" ("victory to Durga Naga")

1 Gorkha Rifles

1815

Sabathu, Himachal Pradesh

"Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro" ("better to die than live like a coward")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali" ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

3 Gorkha Rifles

1815

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

"Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro" ("better to die than live like a coward")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali" ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

4 Gorkha Rifles

1857

Sabathu, Himachal Pradesh

"Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro ("better to die than live like a coward")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali" ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force)

1858

Shillong, Meghalaya

"Shaurya evam nistha" ("courage and determination")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali" ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

8 Gorkha Rifles

1824

Shillong, Meghalaya

"Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro ("better to die than live like a coward")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali" ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

9 Gorkha Rifles

1817

Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh

"Kayar hunu bhanda marnu ramro" ("better to die than live like a coward")

Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

11 Gorkha Rifles

1918-1922; from 1948

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh

"Yatraham vijayastatra" ("the metaphor for victory")

"Jai Ma Kali, ayo Gorkhali ("hail Goddess Kali, here come the Gorkhas")

Ladakh Scouts

1963

"Ki ki so so Lhargyalo" ("Victory to God")

Arunachal Scouts

2010

Sikkim Scouts

2013

Artillery Regiments

The Regiment of artillery constitutes formidable operational arm of Indian Army. Historically it takes lineage from mughal emperor Babur who is popularly credited with introduction of artillery in India, in the battle of Panipat in 1526. However, evidence of earlier use of gun by bahmani kings in the Battle of Adoni in 1368 and King Mohammed Shah of Gujarat in 15th century have been recorded. Indian artillery units were disbanded after the 1857 rebellion and reformed only in 1935 when the Regiments were established.

Armoured Regiments

The Indian Army Armoured Corps is one of the combat arms of the Indian Army. Formed in 1947 from two-thirds of the personnel and assets of the Raj's Indian Armoured Corps. It currently consists of 63 armoured regiments, including the president's bodyguards. The naming of the regiments varies. The terms "Cavalry", "Horse" and "Lancers", which have been dispensed with in the case of units raised post-independence, are historical legacies from the raising and renaming of these units when part of the East India Company's army and/or later the British Indian Army. The Armoured Corps School and Centre is at Ahmednagar. As a matter of tradition, each Armoured Regiment has its own "Colonel of the Regiment", an honorary post for a senior officer who oversees the regimental issues concerning the unit. The Armoured Corps celebrates 1 May as its Corps Day.

 

 


 

Indian Navy

 

The Indian Navy is the naval branch of the Indian Armed Forces. The President of India is the Supreme Commander of the Indian Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff, a four-star Admiral, commands the navy (Present-Admiral Sunil Lanba). As of 1 July 2017, 67,228 personnel are in service with the Indian Navy. As of January 2018, the operational fleet consists of one aircraft carrier, one amphibious transport dock, eight landing ship tanks, 11 destroyers, 14 frigates, one nuclear-powered attack submarine, one ballistic missile submarine, 14 conventionally-powered attack submarines, 22 corvettes, four mine countermeasure vessels, four fleet tankers and various other auxiliary vessels.

  • Motto of the Indian Navy - ' Shano Varuna'- meaning 'May the Lord of the Ocean be Auspicious unto us'
  • Need for a Modern Indian Navy
  1. Special economic zone- 2.01 Million Sq. Kms
  2. 7516 km of sea line
  3. Integral part of national safety and Defence
  4. Protect Maritime Trade and Anti-Piracy operation
  • States Having Sea Frontier
  1. Gujarat
  2. Maharashtra
  3. Andhra Pradesh
  4. Kerala
  5. Tamil Nadu
  6. Karnataka
  7. Orissa
  8. West Bengal

Structure and Organization

  • The Indian Navy is divided into the following broad categories:
  1. Administration
  2. Logistics and Material
  3. Training
  4. Fleets
  5. Naval Aviation
  6. Submarines

Commands

The Indian Navy operates 3 Commands. Each Command is headed by a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief in the rank of Vice Admiral.

Command                            Headquarter

  1. Western Naval Command                    Mumbai
  2. Eastern Naval Command                     Vishakhapatnam

(Operational command)

3.Southern Naval Command                    Kochi used for training

Two of three commands have fleets commanded by Rear Admiral i.e. The Eastern and Western Fleets, and each also has a commodore commanding Submarines. Southern Naval Command is a training command and includes the Flag Officer Sea Training.

Additionally, the Andaman and Nicobar Command at Port Blair is a joint command reporting to the Chief of Integrated Services Command (CISC) in New Delhi. The Andaman and Nicobar Command, a joint Navy, Army and Air Force Command was set up in the Andaman and Nicobar Island in 2001. It was created to safeguard India's strategic interests in Southeast Asia and the Strait of Malacca.

The Indian Navy plays a major role in patrolling the area with the Indonesian Navy, Royal Malaysian Navy and Royal Thai Navy. India and Australia signed an agreement to provide Maritime security in the Asia Pacific region.

Other Established Bases

The navy bases in the following cities:-

  • Mumbai
  • Vishakhapatnam
  • Kochi
  • Goa
  • Karwar
  • Lonavala
  • Port-Blair
  • Orissa
  • Chennai
  • Kolkata
  • Jamnagar
  • Kardip(Andaman)

Air Bases

  • Goa
  • Arrakonam, Tamil Nadu
  • Kochi(for training)

The various Training Establishments

  • Indian Naval Academy - Ezhimala, Kerala
  • Seamen Training Centre - INS Chilka, Orissa
  • Naval college of Engineering - Lonavala, Maharashtra
  • Naval College of Electrical Engineering - Jamnagar, Gujarat
  • Naval College of Logistic and Management - Mumbai, Maharashtra

System and Sensors

Weapon System

The Navy uses a mix of indigenously developed and foreign made missile systems. In the recent years BrahMos has been one of the most advanced missile system adapted by the India Navy. It has been jointly developed by India's Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russian NPO Mashinostroyeniya.India and Israel are jointly developing the Barak-8 Missile system, an improved, longer range version of Barak 1 air Defence Missile which is operational on Indian Navy ships. The Indian Navy's nuclear deterrence capability is based on Sukanya class ships armed with Dhanush ballistic missiles that has a range of 350 km.

India has a no. of foreign made cruise missile systems, including the Klub SS-N-27. It also has its own Nirbhay cruise missile system under development. The Sagarika (k-15) submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM), which has a range of at least 700 km (some source claim 1000 km) forms part of Indian nuclear traid.

Electronic Warfare and System Management

Sangraha is a joint electronic warfare programme between Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and the Indian Navy. The programme is intended to develop a family of electronic warfare suites, for use on different naval platforms capable of detecting, intercepting, and classifying pulsed, carrier wave, pulse repetition frequency agile, frequency agile and chirp radars. The systems are suitable for deployment on various platforms like helicopters, vehicles, and ships. Certain platforms, along with ESM (Electronic Support Measures) capabilities, have ECM (Electronic Countermeasure) capabilities such as multiple-beam phased array jammers. The Indian Navy also relies on information technology to face the challenges of the 21st century. The Indian Navy is implementing a new strategy to move from a platform centric force to a network centric force by linking all shore-based installations and ships via a high-speed data networks and satellite(s).This will help in increased operational awareness. The network is referred to as the Navy Enterprise Wide Network (NEWN). The Indian Navy has also provided training to all its personnel in Information Technology (IT) at the Naval Institute of Computer Applications (NICA) located in Mumbai. Information technology is also used to provide better training, like the usage of simulators and for better management of the force.

Principal on which Ships and Submarines Work

A submarine or a ship can float because the weight of water that it displaces is equal to the­ weight of the ship. This displacement of water creates an upward force called the buoyant force and acts opposite to gravity, which would pull the ship down. Unlike a ship, a submarine can control its buoyancy, thus allowing it to sink and surface at will.

To control its buoyancy, the submarine has ballast tanks and auxiliary, or trim tanks, that can be alternately filled with water or air (see animation below). When the submarine is on the surface, the ballast tanks are filled with air and the submarine's overall density is less than that of the surrounding water. As the submarine dives, the ballast tanks are flooded with water and the air in the ballast tanks is vented from the submarine until its overall density is greater than the surrounding water and the submarine begins to sink (negative buoyancy). A supply of compressed air is maintained aboard the submarine in air flasks for life support and for use with the ballast tanks. In addition, the submarine has movable sets of short "wings" called hydroplanes on the stern (back) that help to control the angle of the dive. The hydroplanes are angled so that water moves over the stern, which forces the stern upward; therefore, the submarine is angled downward.

 

 


 

Air Force

The Indian Air Force is the air arm of the Indian armed forces. Its complement of personnel and aircraft assets ranks fourth amongst the air forces of the world. Its primary mission is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during armed conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Empire which honored India's aviation service during World War II with the prefix Royal. After India gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, the name Royal Indian Air Force was kept and served in the name of Dominion of India. With the government's transition to a Republic in 1950, the prefix Royal was removed after only three years.

Since 1950 the IAF has been involved in four wars with neighboring Pakistan and one with the People's Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the IAF include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot, Operation Cactus and Operation Poomalai. The IAF's mission expands beyond engagement with hostile forces, with the IAF participating in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

Motto of the Indian Air Force

Touch the sky with glory- ‘Nabha Sparsham Deeptam’

Structure

Chief of Air Staff with the rank of Air Chief Marshal is the commander of the Indian Air Force. He is assisted by six officers in charge of administration, the air officer in charge of personnel, the air officer in charge of maintenance, and the Inspector General of flight safety. In January 2002, the government conferred the rank of Marshal of the Air Force on Arjan Singh making him the first and only Five- star officer with the Indian Air force and the ceremonial chief of the Air Force.

Commands

The Indian Air Force is divided into five operational and two functional commands. Each Command is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Air Marshal. The purpose of an operational command is to conduct military operations using aircraft within its area of responsibility, whereas the responsibility of functional commands is to maintain combat readiness. Aside from the Training Command at Bangalore, the primary flight training is done at the Air Force Academy, Dundigul (located in Hyderabad), followed by operational training at various other schools. Advanced officer training for command positions is also conducted at the Defence Services Staff College; specialized advanced flight training schools are located at Bidar, Karnataka and Hakimpet, Telangana (also the location for helicopter training). Technical schools are found at a number of other locations.

Operational Commands                                        Head Quarter

1)    Central Air Command (CAC)                         Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh

2)    Eastern Air Command (EAC)                        Shillong, Meghalaya

3)    Southern Air Command (SAC)                      Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala

4)    South Western Air Command (SWAC)           Gandhinagar, Gujarat

5)    Western Air Command (WAC )                     New Delhi

Functional Commands

1)    Training Command (TC)                             Bangalore, Karnataka

2)    Maintenance Command (MC)                  Nagpur, Maharashtra

Training Centre for Officer

  • Air Force Administrative College – Coimbatore
  • Air Force Training Academy- Hakimpet, Hyderabad
  • Air Force Technical Training Centre- Bangalore and Chennai
  • Air Force Non-Technical Training Centre – Belgaon

Stations

Within each operational command are anywhere from nine to 16 bases or stations, each commanded by an air commodore. A station typically has one wing and one or two squadrons assigned to it.

Wings

A wing is a formation intermediate between a command and a squadron. It generally consists of two or three IAF squadrons and helicopter units, along with forward base support units (FBSU). FBSUs do not have or host any squadrons or helicopter units but act as transit airbases for routine operations. In times of war, they can become fully fledged air bases playing host to various squadrons. In all, about 47 wings and 19 FBSUs make up the IAF.  Wings are typically commanded by a group captain

Squadrons and units

Squadrons are the field units and formations attached to static locations. Thus, a flying squadron or unit is a sub-unit of an air force station which carries out the primary task of the IAF. A fighter squadron consists of 18 aircraft; all fighter squadrons are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of wing commander. Some transport squadrons and helicopter units are headed by a commanding officer with the rank of group captain.

Flights

Flights are sub-divisions of squadrons, commanded by a squadron leader. Each flight consists of two sections.

Sections

The smallest unit is the section, led by a flight lieutenant. Each section consists of three aircraft.

Within this formation structure, IAF has several service branches for day-to-day operations. They are:

Air Force has the following branches:

1)    Flying Branch

2)    Engineering – Technical Branch

3)    Ground Duties Branch

a)    Administration

b)    Logistics

c)     Accounts

d)    Education

e)    Meteorological

4)    Medical and Dental Branch

Integrated Space Cell

An Integrated Space Cell, which will be jointly operated by all the three services of the Indian armed forces, the civilian Department of Space and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been set up to utilize more effectively the country's space-based assets for military purposes. This command will leverage space technology including satellites. Unlike an aerospace command, where the air force controls most of its activities, the Integrated Space Cell envisages co-operation and co-ordination between the three services as well as civilian agencies dealing with space.

India currently has 10 remote sensing satellites in orbit. Though most are not meant to be dedicated military satellites, some have a spatial resolution of 1 metre or below which can be also used for military applications. Noteworthy satellites include the Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) which has a panchromatic camera (PAN) with a resolution of 1-metre, the RISAT-2 which is capable of imaging in all-weather conditions and has a resolution of one metre, the CARTOSAT-2, CARTOSAT-2A and CARTOSAT-2B which carries a panchromatic camera which has a resolution of 80 centimetres (black and white only).

 

 

Last Updated on Friday, 23 February 2018 16:44
 

Comments  

 
0 #1 Arpit 2018-04-16 18:06
Ohh, thats cool... :-)
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