Home General Knowledge SEPARATIST / TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS
SEPARATIST / TERRORIST ORGANIZATIONS
Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 27 December 2011 03:01
  • FREE ACEH MOVEMENT (Indonesian: Gerakan Aceh Merdeka or simply GAM), also known as the Aceh Sumatra National Liberation Front (ASNLF), was a separatist group seeking independence for the Aceh region of Sumatra from Indonesia. The organization surrendered its separatist intentions and dissolved its armed wing following 2005 peace agreement with the Indonesian Government. The Indonesian government called the group the Aceh Security Disturbance Movement. Hasan di Tiro-Founder and leader.
  • Al-Aqsa Martyrs Bridge: The movement which aims to drive the Israeli military and settlers from the West Bank, Gaza. The ABB, the breakaway urban hit squad of the Communist Party of the Philippines / New People’s Army, was formed in the mid-1980s. The ABB was added to the Terrorist Exclusion list in December 2001.
  • Arewa People’s Congress: The Arewa People’s Congress is a recent organization formed to protect the northern Nigerian interests. Northereners have been complaining of being marginalized by the Obasanjo Government.
  • Al-Qaeda: (1988-present; Islamists; Afghanistan, Pakistan, and worldwide). Osama Bin Laden-Chief and Al Zawahiri-Second in command.
  • Jama’at al-Tawhid wa’al-Jihad/Al-Qaeda in Iraq: Abu Musad al-Zarqawi’s Sunni network, operating in Iraq.
  • Eastern Turkestan Islamic Movement (Uighur Separatist): Al-Qaeda linked separatist group in China’s Xinjiang Autonomous Region aiming to establish an Islamic state. Banned by China, along with related groups East Turkestan Lliberation Organization, World Uighur Youth Congress and East Turkistan Information Center.
  • Hamas: West Bank, Gaza Strip. Listed as a terrorist organization by Australia, Canada, the European Union, Israel, and the United States. Joined the political process when its political entity was voted to power and its leader Ismail Haniyeh became the Prime Minister.
  • Hezbollah-Lebanon: Listed as a terrorist organization by Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, Israel, and the United States. The leader of the group is Sheikh Hassan Nasrallah.
  • Jaish-e-Mohammad: Pakistan.
  • Lashkar-e-Toiba: Pakistan.
  • Moro Islamic Liberation Front: Islamic separatists in the Phillippines.
  • Palestinian Islamic Jihad: Israel, West Bank, Gaza Strip.
  • Irish Republican Army: (1922-1969): Split into ‘Official IRA’ and ‘Provisional IRA’ and was the front runner in the Northern Ireland’s separatist movements.
  • Provisional Irish Republican Army (PIRA) (1969-2002): The political and arm of IRA is the Sinn-Fein is headed by Jerry Adams. Supporters of the PIRA split from ‘Official’ Sinn Fein to form Provisional Sinn Fein. Provisional Sinn Fein was later known simply as Sinn Fein (while ‘Official’ Sinn Fein eventually became the Workers’ Party). Under ceasefire since the Good Friday Agreement of 1998. Ended armed campaign in September 2005,
  • Ulster Defence Association (1971-present): Also called the “Ulster Freedom Fighters,” or UFF. On February 22, 2003, announced a “complete and utter cessation” of all acts of violence for one year. It said it will review its ceasefire every three months, although in February 2006, the Independent Monitoring Commission reported that the UDA continued its paramilitary activities, as wel as involvement in organized crime, drug trafficking, counterfeiting, extortion, money laundering and robbery.
  • Red Hand Defenders (1998-present): An affiliate organization with both the UDA and LVF who are allies. It opposes the casefire.
  • Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO): (1964-present): On December 14, 1988, the PLO officially renounced the use of terrorist tactics. In 1993 it became the PA (Palestinian Authority). Although it claims it   does not support terrorism, documents show that the PA/PLO has actively supported and sponsored various terrorist, groups in Israel. According to the NCIS, the PLO is “the richest of all terrorist organizations.”
  • Liberation Tigers of Tamil Elam (LTTE, aka Tamil Tigers), Sri Lanka: One of the largest group with an estimated 24,000 Tamil cadres who fight for separation from Sri Lanka. The group has carried out 240+ suicide bombings since the early 80s in the preoces which they describe as their freedom struggle. Members of the group were convicted for the suicide bomber assassinations of Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa (1988-1993) and former Indian Prime Minster Rajiv Gandhi. UNHCR has reported that this organization recruits children by force. The Organization ended after the Prabhakaran’s demise.
  • ETA-Basque Separatist (Euskadi Ta Askatasuna): Main terrorist organization in Spain responsible for the numerous bombings, seeking an independent Basque Country.
  • Kurdistan Workers Party: Turkey.
  • Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist): Nepal-currently taking part in disarmament and cooperation in a new   interim government for Nepal. Leader-Pushpa Kamal Dahal a.k.a. Prachanda.
  • Khemer Rouge-Cambodia: It has now been disbanded.
  • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (RAFC): Colombia.
  • United Liberation Front of Assam, India: The major leaders of the movement are Arabinda Raj Khowa and Paresh Barua.
  • Alpha 66: The Cuban separatist movement located outside Cuba.
  • Interahamwe, Rwanda: Hutu nationalist, strongly anti Tutsi. Responsible for the 1994 Rwanda genocide.
  • Janjaweed: The Government sponsored militia of Sudan.
  • Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) or Zapatistas: Their leader subcommander Marcos recently came out of hiding to undertake a cross country study tour.
  • Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA): Uganda.
  • Revolutionary Front of Independent East Timor (FRETILIN) East Timor: Currently the movement has joined the main stream politics of the country.  
  • Balochistan Liberation Army, Pakistan: The movement has been demanding a greater share in its natural resources.
  • Man Mau: Kenya.
  • South-West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO), Namibia: The organization has been in the mainstream politics of the country and is now in power.
  • Hukbalahaps, Philippines.
  • New People’s Army (NPA), Philippines.
  • Delta Peoples Volunteer Force, in Nigeria
  • Karen National Union: The resistance movement of Myanmar’s ethnic minority. Recently Myanmar army launched its biggest offensive against the movement in Karen state of Eastern Myanmar. Its general secretary is Podo Manh Sha.
  • Karen National Liberation Army: It is a guerrilla organization of Karen tribes in Eastern Myanmar.

PRO-DEMOCRACY MOVEMENTS

  • National Legue for Democracy (NLD): It is Myanmar’s pro-democratic political movement led by the Nobel Peace Prize winner, Aung San Suu Kyi.
 

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