Home Personality Development LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT; THE NEED OF HOUR BY Dr. Aparna Sharma
LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT; THE NEED OF HOUR BY Dr. Aparna Sharma
Wednesday, 04 January 2012 11:49

ABSTRACT:

Since the inception of society and human beings some or the other things are there to administer. Primitive man to the machine one (robot) leadership and management remained the need. From systematic operations of the surroundings to the courage, to go with innovations according to the need; we can observe the role of management and leadership in life. The article will be emphasizing that how these are directly proportional and go hand in hand with each other.

The importance of management and leadership in day to day life makes us ponder, that a person breaking stones on the road side and the 1st man of the nation are having a good contrasting career, but the role of leadership and management is there for both of them ,and not even a single day can pass in their absence. It is said that leaders are born and management could be learnt by all. Leadership is a trait of personality and management is taught as a skill. At times both appear quiet different and sometime we can observe the interdependency. This way it could be said that both are having almost equal weight age in terms of individuality. The features that are coming up in sequence are shown in the topic. The prime focus is on how good leadership results in good management and how the good management is surety of good leadership. As per small enterprises what changes these features can bring to the financial growth, quality production, and utilization of limited resources for a better tomorrow.

The classification will be as;

  1. Introduction
  2. Meaning and Difference; a comparative study
  3. Interdependency
  4. Application and Relevance
  5. Conclusion

LEADERSHIP AND MANAGEMENT; THE NEED OF HOUR

Dr. Aparna Sharma

 

The competitive society which accepts the theory of the survival of the fittest needs to be skilled in some traits. In this specific zone leadership and management traits come first. It appears as if the two are directly proportional to each other. In a set up where discipline is maintained and system runs smoothly it sets the example of good management and when this discipline under various categories is carried outside that system to make the mile stone then it is leadership. The appreciation of the tasks done by people is the example of good management, and if people try to follow one’s footsteps or wish to keep the torch lighted by one that proves the leadership caliber of the person, as the essence of leadership is followership.1

 

It is said that the concept of management emerged in 20th century2, may be the study of management as a discipline is new but then the fact is that it is there since the inception of society. When kingship was the order of the day the positions were the examples of leadership and the work done under them was the example of management.

 

Management consists of helping people set ambitious yet realistic goals and motivating them towards the achievement of those goals. Since people began forming groups to accomplish aims they could not achieve as individuals, managing has been essential to ensure the coordination of individual efforts3. Now it is convenient to divide managerial functions as planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling.4Certain features of organization such as hierarchal arrangement, loyalty, obedience, controlled entrances, intelligent secrecy, recognition devices, when used astutely bring forth more powerful associations of human beings and enable clusters to move towards objectives with greater smoothness and efficiency. This important instrument of leadership stands throughout history as a fundamental aspect of living.5

 

We can say that when one is ready to face the past without regret, handle the present with confidence and prepare for the future without fear true leadership is there. On the same track in terms of management one who learns to rectify the mistakes of past, look for simple solutions, enjoys every little moment of present and keeps a vision for prosperous tomorrow is a good manager. Leadership is a rage of emotions which pampers to do something new i.e. known for some uniqueness, it can go to any extent. Management is doing the same things done by the ancestors but in a different manner i.e. earn appreciation for style. It is about setting things right and devising a new eclectic way of life. Warren Bennis summarized the differences among two as6

  1. The manager administers, the leader innovates
  2. The manager is a copy; the leader is an original
  3. The manager focuses on systems and structures; the leader focuses on people
  4. The manager relies on control; the leader inspires trust
  5. The manager has a short range view; the leader has a long range perspective
  6. The manager asks how and when; the leader what and why
  7. The manager has his eyes always on the bottom line; the leader has his eyes on the horizon
  8. The manager imitates; the leader originates
  9. The manager accepts the status quo, the leader challenges it

10.  The manager is the classic good soldier, the leader is his own person

11.  The manager does things right; the leader does the right thing

The description is quite interesting and authentic but today the focus is on how in spite of the differences these can go hand in hand for the concept of managerial leadership.

There is a renewed call today for charismatic leaders in organizations. There is also increasing concern today about narcissistic propensities vitiating leadership roles in various institutions. There is increasing talk now on visionary abilities, on character, on heroism, in leadership roles. All the Rajarshi type leaders in India’s history had been constructively charismatic, visionary heroic, and were free from the bane of narcissism. Why? Because, they were close to truth as joy. Studies of their lives reveal two mutually consistent, abiding endeavors; Self control and renunciation.7. This proves that leadership does not begin only with vision, but with getting people to confront the brutal facts and to act on the implications.

 

This shows that since the inception of civilization in our minds we are having enormous images of leadership and management. Now coming to the interdependency between leadership and management we can follow up with the concept of good to great i.e. good management leads to great leadership. In this stream leaders never wanted to become larger than life heroes. They never aspired to be put on a pedestal or become unreachable icons. They were seemingly ordinary people quietly producing extraordinary results.8

 

This shows that within the strands of managing leaders are the out come as ‘leaders don’t do different things, they do the things differently’. To make the people workout in the adverse circumstances is a feature of collective approach of leadership and management. Instead of firing honest and able people who are not performing well , it is important to try to move them once or even two or three times to other positions where they might blossom.9. True leaders help to attain objectives through the maximum application and utilization of capabilities.

 

A culture of discipline involves duality. On one hand it requires people who adhere to a consistent system; yet on the other hand it gives people freedom and responsibility within the frame work of that system.10.We can say that leadership and management are going hand in hand when it works for preserving the core values and core purpose and bringing change to the cultural and operating practices and also trying to alter specific goals and strategies. In true sense only then the fragrance of innovations with antique and aesthetic touch could be felt.

 

Leadership has an extraordinary power, but it has been advised to leaders that they may not treat princes as princes but they should treat persons as persons.11. It can make the difference between success and failure in any thing you do for yourself or for any group to which you belong.12.for solving of any problem leaders work with three tools of brainstorming, psychological techniques, and analysis of alternatives13.

 

Leadership and management both works for some identification and in the long run contribute to the nationalism also. The sense of identity leaves the issue of appropriate actions and policies entirely open to scrutiny and choice. This applies to the science and technology on the one hand and to economic, social and cultural on the other14. It can be said that management is a skill by which we generally make people work for a specific job in a systematic manner. The art of getting what one wants and making people like it not only stimulates imagination, intellectual faculties, intuitive impulses, and insatiable appetites but also offers challenges to leaders and compensations to followers and institutions 15.

 

In the changing scenario of today the need of hour is that we should apply the amalgamation of both these traits, as today we don’t require dictatorship leaders to enforce their version but we require the collective managerial leadership (inclusive of strategic, transactional, visionary, charismatic, empowering, moral, servant, entrepreneurial, and innovative leadership) for sustaining ourselves in the globalised culture of world. It can be easily noticed that when managers are involved in influencing a group to meet to meet its goals, they are involved in leadership. When leaders are involved in planning, organizing, staffing, and controlling, they are involved in management16. At various levels the role of leaders and managers comes out on similar parameters as they overlap in practical terms. Inspiration by a leader often plays a major role in spurring people on to maximum performance, not only this but the second stage of performance management is encouragement17.

 

The secret of life lies in honesty and bravery, numbers do not count, nor does wealth or poverty, a handful of men can throw the world off its hinges, provided they are united in thought, word and deed18. The relevance of these details can be observed in life time to time when we say, teach yourselves, teach every one his real nature, call upon the sleeping soul and see how it awakes. Power will come, glory will come, goodness will come, purity will come and everything that is excellent will come when the sleeping soul is roused to self conscious activity.19 These applications are very well required in the materialistic world of today to make the balance. The communication gap needs to be removed from every level and every minor suggestion has to be kept in consideration if it is worthwhile. These are the only basics if dealt within the circle of leadership and management, it can create wonders and sure positive outcome can be seen from the level of individual to the level of nation and finally to the universe too.

 

This topic is not to be viewed as a mere academics product but as an expression of many sided activities of national growth. A person may have all the traits of a leader, but if he/she doesn’t personally see to the development of new leaders the organization won’t be sustainable20 in fine the role of management is inevitable.

 

From the economic growth to cultural fusion, individual’s success to nation’s strength, materialism to spirituality i.e. all the contrasting as well as the parallel stages can run smoothly and successfully when charged with proper management under approachable leadership. In fine a combination of Management and Leadership says, once you solve the problems of man to your own satisfaction, you had your philosophy of life and evolved your own art of living .all this you must apply to the present situation and out of it will arise a new creation and not a mere repetition, a creation which the soul of your people will own for itself and proudly offer to the world as its tribute to the welfare of man21.

 

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